Hygiene is, on the one hand, the theory of maintaining personal and public health; on the other hand, it is measures to maintain and improve health and well-being, as well as to prevent and combat infectious diseases and epidemics.
Goal of hygiene
Hygiene or health measures aim to prevent diseases and to maintain and strengthen health. Simply put, cleanliness and personal hygiene should be guaranteed and infections prevented. (e.g. B. by disinfection ).
Hygiene means consciously avoiding all health threats and taking measures to improve health.
According to the World Health Organization (WHO), hygiene also refers to conditions and measures that help maintain health and prevent the spread of disease.
Hygiene in medicine
Hygiene in medicine is related to outpatient work and the behavior of clinical hygiene experts to prevent new diseases.
Medical hygiene includes many specific preventive measures to prevent infections and thus to maintain health. So z. B. clinical hygiene, keeping the environment clean, sterilization of the devices, control of drinking and bathing water as well as the safe treatment of medical waste.
Hygiene measures are individual methods and procedures based on experience, tradition or scientific research. If hygiene measures are recorded as procedural instructions, they are treated as binding regulations in the corresponding area.
In the economic sector in particular, food, drinking water and laundry hygiene are regulated by law. This also includes pest control. Among them is z. B. Commercial kitchens and public facilities or accommodation are affected. These regulations do not apply to private households.